Para entender lo que esta pasando Mario vargas Llosa hace una buena selección de novelas Sobre dictadores y dictaduras

MAGNÍFICAS NOVELAS QUE ABORDAN EL TOTALITARISMOMis libros que, además de versar sobre dictadores y dictaduras, son excelentes novelas.(Nota de Librotea: la “novela del dictador” es un género que los autores latinoamericanos han cultivado con maestría y compromiso hacia los derechos fundamentales y hacia el lenguaje, aplicando un cambio de perspectiva narrativa con respecto a la tradición. Informaciones no contrastadas hablan incluso del “pacto” que varios de los escritores del “boom” suscribieron alguna vez, en el que se comprometieron a escribir una novela sobre las dictaduras de Latinoamérica. Las más importantes de aquellas se mencionan en esta estantería de Mario Vargas Llosa, exceptuando las que aportó el propio autor, como Conversación en La Catedral y La fiesta del Chivo)
— Read on

Gustave Flaubert and Herman Hesse Novels and the Corruption of Power.

The great French novelist Gustave Flaubert’s Sentimental Education, published in 1869 is consider to be a romantic novel. In reality, it includes vivid descriptions of France’s social classes, political institutions and practices that lead to the famous 1848 social revolution and the failure of the Second Republic in his country. That event was followed by major upheavals in Europe, particularly in the Netherlands, Germany, Poland, Italy, and the Austrian Empire.

Professor Edward T. Gargan of the University of Wisconsin in an essay published in the Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions note that Flaubert took exhaustive care to document and looked for testimonies to authenticate the novel.

Of particular interest, in today’s context of most discussed and for many admired “Spring” and other street revolutions or movements are the descriptions of the behavior of their leaders and activists once in power. Flaubert’s main character attending an assembly “..was astonished at their abominable style of talking, their pettiness, their spite, their dishonesty—all these people, after voting for the Constitution, now striving to destroy it; and they got into a state of great agitation, and launched forth manifestoes, pamphlets, and biographies.

Herman Hesse in his famous novel The Glass Bead Game published in 1943 also touches this particular dark side of the human condition and its relation to power. In a conversation, the main character tell a friend to  “consisted of an unbroken succession of rulers, leaders, bosses, and commanders who with extremely rare exceptions had all begun well and ended badly. All of them, at least so they said, had striven for power for the sake of the good; afterward they had become obsessed and numbed by power and loved it for its own sake.”

Excerpt From Flaubert, Gustave. “Sentimental Education.” Barnes&Noble, 2009-06-01. iBooks. Check out this book on the iBooks Store Link: Flaubert, Gustave. “Sentimental Education.”

Excerpt From Hermann Hesse. “The Glass Bead Game.” Henry Holt and Company. iBooks. Check out this book on the iBooks Store. Link: Hermann Hesse. “The Glass Bead Game.”

ISIS Accelerates Destruction of Antiquities in Syria – The New York Times

Screenshot 2015-08-25 12.52.50The barbaric attack on human beings with mass killings, public decapitations of innocent people, rape of women and the destruction of millenary cultural sites require a stronger action.

The war intensified and current strategy to ended and stop the barbaric actions seem far from successful.

Today news only adds to the list and deserve a stronger condemnation.

ISIS Accelerates Destruction of Antiquities in Syria – The New York Times.

Irrational exuberance

The Financial Times has a problem with Apple and clearly over the years has a negative bias towards that company. Any problem related with Apple is magnified. I will demonstrate with the dozens of misleading headlines I have collected. On the other hand, significant problems in other tech companies are ignored or not reported. As examples bugs in Android that affect more than 50% of the base or the flops of products.

I will be posting previous articles with commentaries and start with yesterday article. Bad reporting or bad faith of the editors.

Market turmoil leaves tech sector exposed Deepest damage likely to be felt by companies valued on growth prospects YESTERDAY by: Richard Waters in San Francisco

My comment to the article:
For some reason, the article did not include the dramatic fall from clearly overvalued stocks. Particularly, ignored Netflix (from $ 128 to $ 103) more than 20%, Amazon ( $540 to $ 494) 10%, Google, Facebook and Tesla are also down.
The quoted stocks in the article, (Apple, Intel and Microsoft) are in a different category; they are profitable and pay a dividend.

The article to be relevant should have been about the overdue realignment of the market and a bubble burst.

Savvy investors probably will change from “momentum”, “hype”, “sentiment” that created a bubble with overvalued tech stocks to companies with real value, low p/e, profits, dividends, etc.

As in the dot-com bubble, the press has been instrumental inflating the market.

Renting or Owning – that is the Question


This Sunday in the “Weekend Pages” of the Financial Times Lucy Kellaway, a columnist and associate editor published an article titled “Why I would rather own a home than rent one”, passionately replying to a provocative article published 15 days ago by Ben Pentreath, an architectural and urban designer with the heading “Why I rent and would never buy,” describing two attractive and gorgeous properties that Mr. Pendreath rents in Dorset, west of England, and in a fashionable area in London (see links for full texts and photos to to the articles at the end).

 After reading both articles, I have come up with two lists through my own interpretation of the different arguments presented in favor of either “renting” or “owning”:

 The reasons to rent according to Mr. Pentreath:

1. To buy a magnificent and well located property as the ones that Mr. Pendreath has rent is very expensive and unaffordable to own.

2. Down payments and big long term mortgage is “a form of renting money, very expensively”

3. Friends that bought their home are burdened “with enormous debts and taken to purchase bad houses in very strange localities”, with decaying neighbourhoods with relatively poor services, schools and transportations.

 4. The risk of buying in a bubble and suffering from the loss of property value when markets are in crisis or when the areas are in decline or not popular anymore. In that case, not only the prices go down, but selling could take months or some time years. Futhermore, many taxes and expenses related to the sales are yet to be paid.

 5. No responsibility for maintenance fees, taxes or other expenses like roof leaks or a heating system blowing. “it’s not my problem, he writes…a simple call, and no cost” the owner will have “these things fixed”.

6. Expensive renovations like kitchens are generally speaking borne by the owners.

 7. Liberty and flexibility to move or as he said “free to step away if I wish, never trapped by debt or my situation”.

  Lucy Kellaway, on the other hand, defends the concept of buying in a passionate article where she sometime even seems a bit aggressive by criticizing Mr Pentreath’s article “superficially persuasive” but admits that she has some doubts about her “continued faith in home ownership”.

Again, based on her arguments, here is a list of reasons with my interpretation of her arguments in favor of owning:

 1. Owning a house as a child has changed her life, offering security and stability, even when the property was sold.

 2. Owned properties allow families to leave marks like planting a tree to keep vivid memories of their past. When driving by her old home, she writes, there is a feeling: “that is where my roots are. That house used to be ours.

 3. A tool of Investment that could be profitable if dealt with good care and blessed with luck. She described how profitable has been for her to own and sell their homes, making almost 400% profit on their first property.

 4. Renting properties like those mentioned by Mr. Pentreath are  not that available and are very expensive according to the research she made through the web.

 5. Renters don’t have the freedom of planting and designing their own garden, and enjoying it in different seasons.

 6. Not all landlords are good at fixing home problems like roof leaks or boiler failures.

 7. Owning property gives children a sense of “responsibility” and permanence that a rented house cannot “even if the location of their home is in “unhandsome” neighbourhood or “places that Pentreath would hold in contempt”.

Clearly the arguments are true and valid on both sides which present personal preferences based on different experiences and backgrounds.

However, there are other considerations “for” or “against” the two options missing in the articles, particularly those issues that are contingent to the economic cycles which directly affects property prices, rents, interest rates and availability of credit.

 Affordability and stage in life are two other important factors that varies from case to case. From the articles of Lucy Kellaway and Ben Pentreath that share their experience and preferences, it is obvious that both have the resources and, I assume, the freedom to decide to buy or rent, a choice that these days not necessarily everybody enjoys.

 This interesting debate in the FT shows the diversity of human goals and aspirations. Finally, it all depends on personal taste, vision and circumstances, and is not restricted from certain sole rigid criteria.


Lucy Kellaway, “Why I would rather own a home than rent one”. Financial Times, February 14, 2014.

Ben Pentreath. “Why I rent and would never buy”. Financial Times, January 31,2014.